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Pogostemon cablin
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Lamioideae
Genus: Pogostemon
  • Wensea J.C.Wendl.
  • Dysophylla Blume
  • Chotekia Opiz & Corda
  • Eusteralis Raf.
  • Dysophylla El Gazzar & L.Watson ex Airy Shaw 1967 not Blume 1826
  • Anuragia Raizada illegitimate name

Pogostemon is a large genus from the family Lamiaceae, first described as a genus in 1815. It is native to warmer parts of Asia, Africa, and Australia.[1]

The best known member of this genus is patchouli, Pogostemon cablin, widely cultivated in Asia for its scented foliage, used for perfume, incense, insect repellent, herbal tea, etc.[2] In 1997, it was proposed for the genus to be split into three subgenera— Allopogostemon Bhatti & Ingr., Dysophyllus (Blume) Bhatti & Ingr., and Pogostemon sensu Bhatti & Ingr. based on numerous morphological characteristics.[3][4][5] However, the significant variability in these traits as well as possible convergent evolution within this genus has made classification of species challenging.[3][6] Some members of the genus (e.g. Pogostemon erectus, Pogostemon stellatus, Pogostemon helferi) are grown ornamentally in the aquarium hobby and are used for aquascaping.

Selected species[edit]

Species include:[7]


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Leung A, Foster S Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs and cosmetics John Wiley and Sons 1996
  3. ^ a b Pramali, Kanjana; Bongcheewin, Bhanubong; Traiperm, Paweena (2018-06-01). "Leaf micromorphological adaptation of Pogostemon spp. (section Eusteralis) in Thailand". Agriculture and Natural Resources. 52 (3): 250–258. doi:10.1016/j.anres.2018.09.002. ISSN 2452-316X.
  4. ^ Bhatti, G. R. and M. Ingrouille. “Systematics of Pogostemon (Labiatae).” Bulletin of The Natural History Museum. Botany Series (1997): n. pag.
  5. ^ INGROUILLE, M. & Bhatti, Ghulamraza. (2008). Infrageneric relationships within Pogostemon Desf. (Labiatae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 128. 159 - 183. 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1998.tb02114.x.
  6. ^ Yao, G., Deng, Y., & Ge, X. (2015). A TAXONOMIC REVISION OF POGOSTEMON (LAMIACEAE) FROM CHINA. Phytotaxa, 200, 1-67.
  7. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved June 19, 2016